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Kenya : le nombre d’éléphants a doublé en 30 ans.

En 1989, le Kenya comptait tout juste 16 000 éléphants sur ses terres. En 2018, ils étaient plus de 34 000.Le ministre du Tourisme  du Kenya a annoncé cette semaine que le nombre d’éléphants a plus que doublé dans le pays en l’espace d’une trentaine d’années. Selon Najib Balala, le pays a réussi à contrôler le braconnage. Pour lui, l’intensification de la politique anti-braconnage est un succés.

Depuis quelques années, le gouvernement a augmenté les peines encourues par les criminels. Ces peines peuvent aller jusqu’à 20 ans de prison pour l’exportation illégale de produits issus d’espèces menacées.

En 2016, le président Uhuru Kenyatta avait brûlé 100 tonnes d’ivoires d’éléphants et de cornes de rhinocéros, lançant un message aux trafiquants : le commerce illégal doit s’arrêter. Depuis trois ans, le nombre d’éléphants braconnés est en baisse. Il est passé de 80 en 2018 à 34 en 2019.

Mais le trafic est encore loin d’être terminé. En mars dernier, la seule girafe blanche femelle connue au monde a été abattue dans une réserve de l’est du Kenya.

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